Originally referred to as “stones” or “tickets”, dominoes are small rectangular blocks used for playing games. They are made of either wood or plastic. They have two square ends, or “ends”. They are marked with a number of spots on each side and a identifying line on the center. They can be stacked in long rows, or they can be laid in a line.
A set of dominoes is usually made up of 28 pieces. In some variants, a single tile is part of two different suits. These suits include the suits of seven, eight, nine, ten, twelve, thirteen, and fourteen. Each domino is numbered on the side and has a number of spots on the end. The player who has the most dominoes with the fewest spots wins the game.
The domino game began in Italy during the mid-18th century. It was later introduced to England in the late 1700s. French prisoners of war brought dominoes to England from France. They were originally made of ebony blacks and ivory. It became popular in France, and in the 1860s, it started to appear in American literature. It is believed that it was named “domino” because of the black undersurface.
The most common domino set is the double six set, which has 28 tiles. The set is made up of unique pieces for every possible combination of two ends that have zero to six spots. In a traditional domino set, the tile that has a number of spots on the end is known as the lead piece. The lead piece has the highest total pip count.
In a domino game, a single tile belongs to one suit, while a double tile belongs to a different suit. If the double is placed in the middle, it must be perpendicular to the tile that is touching it at the middle. The player who plays a domino with the same number on both ends is said to have “stitched up” the ends.
Originally, each domino represented one of 21 possible results of a player throwing two six-sided dice. These games were first recorded in Italy, France, and Southern Germany in the mid-18th century. In the United States, they are called “boneyard” pieces. People without dominoes can use other objects to play the game.
Most domino games are adaptations of card games. They are played by two to four players. Depending on the type of game, players take less or more dominoes at the beginning of the game. The game usually ends when a player chips out. In some versions, both players must chip out. In other versions, a player may only play a tile with a number on one end of the chain.
Some domino games are more popular in certain regions than others. In China, for example, dominoes were known in the 17th century, but they are not required to be matched. Instead, the chain shapes are random, and the player is able to determine the shape by whim. In Chinese domino games, such as Pai Gow, the number of tiles is reduced to 32.